There are three principal subgroups that are considered as a facelift:
- Forehead lift (Front-lift)
- Middle of face lift (Midface-lift)
- Chin/Neck lift (Neck-lift)
Most of the time, all three subgroups are implemented together, using the combination of all through various techniques.
In general, the aging process of the skin is caused by the weakening of the body’s connective tissue, the repetitive mimic gestures, the external influences of UV radiation, cold, heat, drought, humidity, etc., along with the effects of gravity, pulling down the subcutaneous structure of the skin, also known as “sagging“ of the cheeks and the chin.
The principle of a face lift is not, as often mistakenly assumed, a mere tightening of the skin ( also known as the Greyhound-look, as seen in earlier days as stretched-looking facial features), but rather concerns the return or relocation (repositioning) of the dropped down tissue and muscle in the subcutaneous area, responsible for the permanent fixation of anatomic structure.
Since many nerves and vessels are located in the facial area, often, several layers of tissue are worked on in order to achieve optimal access paths with minimum risk of injury. A cut against the hair line or a few centimeters inside the hair region is chosen depending on the height of the hairline on the forehead. Tightening the forehead automatically lifts the eyebrows and thus in turn indirectly raises the eyelids. Sometimes, some muscles that are responsible for the “evil eye” in the root of the nose and eyebrows are partially severed so that even the most serious facial expression wrinkles can be treated.
The midface (Midface-lift) is remodeling of the zygomatic region (the plump zygomatic arch area that reflects youthfulness) and the smoothening of the nasolabial fold, which also creates a lift in corners of the mouth. In this case, a cut from the temple around the ear up to the earlobe is required.
In the Chin/neck (Neck-lift) area, the sunken lower cheek areas are lifted, and in some cases, a liposuction under the chin (also known as „double chin“) is performed, reuniting the muscles of the neck and streamlining the angle of the chin. In this case, a cut from the earlobe to the area of the neck’s hair line is performed and, in some cases, a small incision is made just behind the chin.
In many cases the excess skin is removed, so that the final effect results in a balanced, rounder and more youthful contoured face, simultaneously resulting in a tighter and less wrinkled skin.
Facelifts are extremely complex and difficult operations that first require a lengthy discussion with the patient, in order for the doctor to understand and visualize the wishes and ideas provided to him with optimum results. After a thorough analysis and study of one’s anatomical facial form, detailed discussions and explanation of the possible solutions, aftercare and results, the date for operation can be then determined and it should only be performed by a skilled operating doctor.
As the final result, a significant rejuvenating effect preserving your personal facial expression should be achieved, making you look 10 to 15 years younger and fresher! The inner satisfaction and joie de vivre can then ultimately radiate outwards.
|Duration of surgery:||2-4 hours|
|Anesthesia:||Sedations or general anasthesia|
|Stay in the clinic:||1-2 days|
|Time needed to return to work:||7-14 days|
|Price:||depending on complexity|